Benthos of the Great Lakes

Great Lakes Water Life Photo Gallery - Home

 

freshwater sponge

Porifera
(sponges)

freshwater hydra

Coelenterates
(Hydra)

Cephalodella gracilis - a typical Great Lakes benthic rotifer

Rotifera (rotifers)

Photo of a typical tardigrade

Tardigrada (water bears)

Urnatella spp.

Entoprocta

Pectinatella magnifica, a large bryozoan

Ectoprocta (Bryozoans)

Annelids (segmented worms)

Helobdella stagnalis

Hirundinea (leeches)

polychaete photo

Polychaetes

Tubifex

Oligochaetes

Other worms

nematode

Nematoda (roundworms)

horsehair worm

Nematomorpha
(horsehair worms)

nemertean worm

Nemertea
(ribbon worms)

Dugesia polychroa

Platyhelminthes
(flatworms)

Arthropods

hydracarina from pond floor

Acarina
(water mites)

Hexagenia limbataChironomid larva

Insecta

 

Collembola

Collembola
(springtails)

Crustacea

Diporeia spp.

Amphipods

Lirceus lineatus

Isopods

Mysis relicta
Mysidacea
(opossum shrimp)

rusty crayfish

Decapods

Anostaca
Anostaca
(fairy shrimp)

Nitocra hibernica - a harpacticoid copepod

Copepods

photo of a typical ostracod

Ostracods
(seed shrimp)

Mollusks

Lake Michigan gastropods
Gastropods (snails)

zebra mussels on a native unionid

Pelecypods (bivalves)

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Species List

  • Phylum
    • Class
      • Order
        • Family
          • Genus
            • Species Reported Locations**

** Reported locations based on a limited literature search. Codes indicate presence reported but absence of a code should not be interpreted as a species absence.

  • Annelida

    • Clitellata - Hirudinea (leeches) XN ME
      • Arhynchobdellida
        • Erpobdellidae WRL1 SHEO
          • Dina spp. LR HS
            • D. dubia S
            • D. parva R
          • Erpobdella spp. WL SHEO
            • E. punctata W SHEO
          • Nephelopsis sp.
            • N. obscura W SH
        • Haemopidae
          • Haemopis sp.
            • H. grandis W HEO
      • Rhynchobdellida
        • Glossiphoniidae XWRLN SHEO
          • Desserobdella sp.
            • D. phalera O
          • Glossiphonia sp.
            • G. complanata WR SHEO
          • Helobdella sp. WRLN SHE
            • H. elongata E
            • H. fusca E
            • H. stagnalis WRLN SHE
        • Piscocolidae
          • Piscicola sp. R234 HO
            • P. geometra R234 O
            • P. milneri 34 O
            • P. punctata O
      • Oligochaeta (aquatic earthworms) X EO
        • Branchiobdellida
          • Branchiobdellidae R
        • Lumbriculida
          • Lumbriculidae XWRN12345 SMHEO
            • Aporrectodea sp.
              • A. trapezoides W HO
              • A. tuberculata W O
            • Eiseniella sp.
              • E. tetraedra W SE
            • Lumbriculus sp.
              • L. terrestris W O
              • L. variegatus WN SHEO
            • Stylodrilus sp.
              • S. heringianus G WRN12345 SM*HEO*
        • Haplotaxida
          • Sparganophilidae
            • Sparganophilis sp.
              • S. eiseni W HE
        • Haplotaxida - Tubificina
          • Enchytraeidae XWR234 S (3 spp.) MHEO
            • Enchytraeus spp. 234 O
            • Mesenchytraeus sp. S
          • Naididae XWRN12 S(21spp.)M(17spp.)HEO
            • Amphichaeta sp.
              • A. leydigi N MH
            • Arcteonais sp.
              • A. lomondi W SMH
            • Chaetogaster spp. WRN1 SMHEO
              • C. cristallinus R
              • C. diaphanous WN1 SMHEO
              • C. diastrophus RN M
              • C. langi W SHE
              • C. limnaei O
              • C. setosetus R
            • Dero spp. W SHE
              • D. digitata SH
              • D. nivea E
            • Nais spp. XWRN SMHEO
              • N. alpina MH
              • N. barbata R H
              • N. behningi R
              • N. bretscheri WRN SHEO
              • N. communis WR SHEO
              • N. elinguis (elinquis) W SHEO
              • N. pardalis WR SHEO
              • N. pseudobtusa W SHO
              • N. simplex WR SHEO
              • N. variabilis WRN SMHEO
            • Ophidonais sp.
              • O. serpentina WN1 SHEO
            • Opistonais sp.
              • O. serpentina H
            • Paranais spp.
              • P. litoralis W SHEO
              • P. fricki (frici) N M
            • Piguetiella (Piquetiella) spp.
              • P. blanci N M
              • P. michiganensis RN SMHEO
            • Pristina spp. WR SHEO
              • P. breviseta S
              • P. foreli WR SHE
              • P. longiseta W SHO
              • P. osborni WR HE
              • P. sima R
            • Pristinella sp.
              • P. osborni O
            • Ripistes sp.
            • Slavina sp.
              • S. appendiculata WR1 SHEO
            • Specaria sp.
              • S. josinae WR SH
            • Stylaria spp. WRN1 SMHEO
              • S. fossularis H
              • S. lacustris WRN1 SMHEO
            • Uncinais sp.
              • U. uncinata WRN SMHEO
            • Vejdovskyella spp. WRN12 SMHEO
              • V. comata R S
              • V. intermedia WRN12 SMHEO
              • V. macrochaeta S
          • Tubificidae W WLRN12345 SM(16spp.)HEO
            • Aulodrilus spp. Z WRN12 SMHEO
              • A. americanus N2 HEO
              • A. limnobius SHE
              • A. pigueti (piqueti) WRN SMHE
              • A. pluriseta WN1 SMHEO
            • Bothrioneurum sp.
              • B. vejdovskyanum N E
            • Branchiura sp.
            • Gianius aquaedulcis (Exotic - GLANSIS)
            • Ilyodrilus sp.
              • I. templetoni Z N12345 MHEO*
            • Isochaetides sp.
              • I. curvisetosus N E
              • I. freyii Z N MHE
            • Limnodrilus spp. WLN12345 SMHEO
              • L. angustipenis P M
              • L. cervix (cervis) P WLN HE*
              • L. claparedianus (claparedeanus, claparedeianus) P WLN MH*E
              • L. hoffmeisteri P WLN12345 SMH*E*O*
              • L. hoffmeisteri variant LN HE
              • L. maumeensis P LN SHE
              • L. profundicola G WLN SMHEO
              • L. spiralis MH
              • L. udekemianus P WLN SMHEO
            • Peloscolex spp. WL SHEO
              • P. ferox W HEO
              • P. freyi W HO
              • P. multisetosus L SH
              • P. superiorensis W HEO
              • P. variegatus S
            • Phallodrilus spp.
              • P. aquaedulcis H
              • P. hallae S
            • Potamothrix spp. Z WN1245 SMHEO
              • P. bavaricus H
              • P. bedoti H (Exotic - GLANSIS)
              • P. hammoniensis WN E
              • P. moldaviensis Z WN2 SMHEO (Exotic - GLANSIS)
              • P. vejdovskyi Z WLN1245 SMHEO (Exotic - GLANSIS)
            • Psammoryctides sp.
              • P. curvisetosus W E
            • Quistadrilus sp.
              • Q. multisetosus P N SHE
            • Rhyacodrilus spp. L345 SMHEO
              • R. coccineus G 345 MHO
              • R. montana G S
              • R. sodalis H
            • Spirosperma spp. RN12345 SMHEO
              • S. ferox Z RN12345 SMHEO*
              • S. nikolskyi G SMH
            • Tasserkidrilus spp. N SHE
              • T. kessleri S
              • T. americanus N HE
              • T. superiorensis H
            • Tubifex spp. WN SMHEO
              • T. ignotus WN SHE
              • T. kessleri americanus G SM
              • T. newaensis W E
              • T. superiorensis G M
              • T. tubifex P WN SMHEO
            • Varichaetadrilus sp.
              • V. angustipenis SH
      • Polychaeta (paddlefoot worms)
        • Subclass Scolecida
          • Aeolosomatidae XRN SM
            • Aeolosoma spp. R S
              • A. leidyi R
              • A. tenebrarum R
        • SC Palpata - Canalipalpata
          • Sabellidae XWRN1 SHEO
            • Manyunkia (Manayunkia) sp.
              • M. speciosa WRN1 SHEO
          • Serpulidae S
  • Arthropoda - Chelicerata

    • Arachnida - Acarina (water mites) XWR(20spp.) N SMHEO
      • Parasitiformes - Mesostigmata
        • Laelaptidae?
          • Cheiroseius spp. W SEO
          • Gammasodes spp. W S
      • Sarcoptiformes
        • SO Oribatei X
        • Hydrozetidae
          • Hydrozetes sp. R
      • Trombidiformes - Prostigmata
        • Aturidae
          • Aturus spp. W SH
            • A. nr. deceptor W SH
            • A. nr. desquamatus W H
          • Elyais spp. W O
        • Axonopsidae
          • Ljania spp. W S
        • Hydrachnidae
          • Hydrachna spp. W H
          • Hydraphantes spp. W H
        • Hygrobatidae
          • Atractides spp. W SH
          • Hygrobates spp. WR SHEO
        • Lebertiidae
          • Lebertia spp. WR SHEO
        • Limnesiidae X
          • Limnesia spp. WR HEO
            • L. cornuta W H
            • L. nr. polonica W H
        • Mideopsidae
          • Mideopsis spp. W H
        • Pionidae
          • Forelia spp. W EO
            • F. cayuga W H
            • F. nr. onondaga W H
          • Piona sp.
            • P. rotunda W SHO
        • Sperchonidae
          • Sperchon spp. W SHE
            • S. mitchelli W S
          • Sperchonopsis spp. WR H
        • Teutoniidae
          • Teutonia spp. W EO
        • Torrenticolidae
          • Torrenticola spp. WR SH
        • Unicolidae X
          • Unionicola sp. R
        • ?
          • Anystis spp. WS
      • Cryptostigmata?
          • Belba spp. W H
          • Scapheremaeus spp. W S
          • Trimalaconothrus spp. W SH
          • Hydracarina spp. R (13 spp.) XN E
          • Porohalacarus sp. R
  • Arthropoda - Crustacea

    • Branchiopoda
      • Anostraca (fairy shrimp)
        • Palaemonidae X
      • Diplostraca - Cladocera (waterfleas) See also planktonic cladocera
        • Cercopagidae
          • Bythotrephes sp.
          • Cercopagis sp.
        • Chydoridae
          • Alona sp.
            • A. affinis ME
          • Eurycercus sp.
            • E. lamellatus ME
          • Leydigia sp.
            • L. quadrangularis M
        • Daphnidae
          • Daphnia sp.
            • ephippia S
        • Macrothricidae X
          • Ilyocryptus spp. ME
            • I. acutifrons M
            • I. sordidus M
        • Sididae
          • Latona sp.
            • L. setifera SE
      • Malacostra See also planktonic malacostra
        • Amphipoda M(2spp.)E
          • Crangonyctidae
            • Crangonyx spp. WRN SHEO
              • C. gracilis WN SHEO
              • C. pseudogracilis XWR H
          • Gammaridae (scuds) XWRLN1 SHEO
            • Gammarus spp. WRLN1 SHEO
              • G. fasciatus XWRN1 SHEO
              • G. lacustris WR SHEO
              • G. pseudolimnaeus XWRL SHEO
              • G. tigrinus (Exotic - GLANSIS)
            • Echinogammarus sp.
          • Pontoporeiidae (Haustoriidae)
            • Diporeia (Pontoporeia) spp. WN12345 SHEO
              • D. affinis W SHEO
              • D. brevicornis S
              • D. filicornis S
              • D. hoyi N12345 SHEO*
          • Hyalelidae
            • Hyallela sp. H
              • H. azteca XWRLN SHEO
          • Talitridae X
        • Decapoda XWRL SHEO
          • Astacidae (crayfish) XL H
          • Cambaridae (crayfish) WR SHEO
            • Cambarus spp. W SHE
              • C. bartoni W SH
              • C. robustus W HE
            • Orconectes (Oroconectes) spp. XWR SHEO
              • O. propinquus WR SHEO
              • O. virilis WR H
        • Isopoda
          • Ascellidae (aquatic sow bugs) XWRLN1 SHEO
            • Asellus spp. WRLN SHEO
              • A. communis S
              • A. forbesi W SHO
              • A. intermedius W SHEO
              • A. racovitzai WN EO
            • Caecidotea spp. XN1 HEO
              • C. racovitzai HEO
            • Lirceus sp. R
              • L. lineatus XW SHO
        • Mysidacea (opossum shrimp)
          • Mysidae
            • Mysis sp.
              • M. diluviana 2345 SO
            • Hemimysis sp.
      • Maxillopoda - Copepoda XN S(1spp.)MEO See also planktonic copepods
        • Calanoida SMO
          • Temoridae
            • Eurytemora sp.
              • E. affinis MO
        • Cyclopoida
          • Cyclopidae
            • Acanthocyclops sp.
              • A. brevispinosus N M
            • Cyclops spp.
              • C. bicuspidatus thomasi M
              • C. vernalis M
            • Diacyclops sp.
              • D. nanus N M
            • Eucyclops sp.
              • E. nanus N M
            • Paracyclops sp.
              • P. chiltoni N M
        • Harpacticoida XNSME
          • Ameiridae
            • Nitocra spp.
              • N. hibernica N ME
              • N. incerta
          • Canthocamptidae
            • Canthocamptus spp.
              • C. robertcokeri N M
              • C. staphylinoides M
            • Bryocamptus spp.
              • B. nivalis M
              • B. vejdovskyi M
          • Cletodidae
            • Heteropsyllus sp.
              • H. nunni N M
          • Diosaccidae
            • Schizopera sp.
              • S. borutzkyi N M
      • Ostracoda (seed shrimps) XN S(1spp.)ME
        • Podocopida
          • Candonidae
            • Candona spp. E
          • Cytherideidae
            • Cytherissa sp.
              • C. lacustra E
  • Arthropoda - Hexapoda

    • Collembola (springtails) RL SH
      • Poduridae
        • Podura sp. S
    • Insecta
      • Coleoptera (beetles)
        • Chrysomelidae (leaf beetles) XS
          • Donacia sp. X
          • Neohaemonia sp. X
          • Prasocuris sp. X
        • Curculionidae (snout beetles, weevils)
          • Lixus sp. X
        • Dytiscidae (predaceous diving beetles) XW SHEO
          • Bidessus spp. W SHO
          • Celina sp. X
          • Dytiscus sp. X
          • Hydaticus spp. XW E
          • Hydroporus spp. W H
          • Laccophilus spp. XW H
          • Rhantus sp. X
          • Uvarus sp. X
        • Elmidae (riffle beetles) XW SHEO
          • Dubiraphia spp. XW HEO
          • Macronychus sp.
            • M. glabratus W E
          • Optioservus spp. W SHEO
            • O. fastiditus W S
          • Stenelmis spp. W HEO
            • S. crenata W HO
            • S. quadrimaculata W HE
        • Erirhinidae
          • Tanysphyrus sp.
            • T. lemnae
        • Gyrinidae (whiligig beetles) XW H
          • Dineutus sp. X
          • Gyrinus spp. XW H
            • G. confinus W H
        • Haliplidae (crawling water beetles) XW HE
          • Haliplus spp. XW HE
          • Peltodytes sp. X
        • Helophoridae
          • Helophorus sp. X
        • Hydraenidae (minute moss beetles)
          • Anacaena sp. X
          • Cymbiodyta sp. X
          • Hydrochara sp. X
          • Hydraena sp. X
          • Paracymus sp. X
          • Tropisternus sp. X
        • Hydrophilidae (water scavenger beetles) XW EO
          • Berosus spp. W EO
        • Limnichidae (minute marsh-loving beetles)
          • Lutrochus sp.
            • L. laticeps W HE
        • Noteridae (burrowing water beetles) X
        • Psephenidae (water pennies) W SHO
          • Ectopria spp. W S
          • Psephenus spp. W SHO
        • Sciritidae X
          • Cyphon sp. X
        • Staphylinidae (rove beetles) X
      • Diptera UGZ XWRLN12345 SMHEL* (Click link for full list)
        • Ceratopogonidae (biting midges) XWRN SHEO
        • Chaoboridae (phantom midges) X
        • Chironimidae (midges) XWR(50spp.) LN12345 SM(27spp.)HEO
        • Culicidae (mosquitos) X
        • Dixidae (midges) X
        • Dolichopodidae (longlegged flies) X
        • Empididae (dance flies) XW SHEO
        • Ephydridae (shore flies) XR E
        • Mycetophilidae (fungus gnats) X
        • Psychodidae (moth flies) W SHE
        • Sciaridae (dark-winged fungus gnats) X
        • Sciomyzidae (marsh flies) X
        • Simuliidae (black flies) W SO
        • Stratiomyidae (soldier flies) X
        • Syrphidae (syrphid flies) X
        • Tabanidae (deer flies) X
        • Thaumaleidae (solitary midges) X
        • Tipulidae (crane flies) XWR S
      • Ephemeroptera (mayflies) XWRLN SHEO (click link for full list)
        • Baetidae XWR SHEO
        • Baetiscidae
        • Caenidae XWRL SHEO
        • Ephemeridae XWRN SHE
        • Ephemerellidae
        • Heptageniidae XWRN SHEO
        • Leptohyphidae
        • Leptophlebiidae
        • Oligoneuridae X
      • Heteroptera (Hemiptera)
        • Belostomatidae (giant water bugs) X S
          • Belostoma sp. X
        • Corixidae (water boatmen) XW SHE
          • Callicorixa sp.
            • C. audeni W H
          • Hesperocorixa sp.
            • H. atopodonta W S
            • H. kennicotti X
            • H. michiganensis X
          • Palmacorixa sp
          • P. buenoi X
          • Sigara spp. X
            • S. alternata W E
            • S. lineata XW HE
            • S. transfigurata X
            • S. trilineata XW SH
            • S. variabilis X
          • Trichocorixa
            • T. borealis X
            • T. naias W H
        • Gerridae (water striders) X
          • Gerris sp. X
          • Limnoporus sp. X
          • Neogerris sp. X
          • Trepobates sp. X
        • Hydrometridae (marsh treaders, water measurers) X
          • Hydrometra sp. X
        • Mesoveliidae (water treaders) X
          • Mesovelia sp. X
        • Naucoridae (creeping water bugs) X
        • Nepidae (water scorpions) X
          • Ranatra sp. X
        • Notonectidae (backswimmers) X
        • Veliidae (ripple bugs) X
      • Hymenoptera
        • Braconidae (braconid wasps) X
      • Lepidoptera
        • Noctuidae (dagger moths)
          • Bellura spp. X
        • Pyralidae (snout moths) XWR SHEO
          • Acentria sp. X
          • Acentropus (Acentria) sp.
            • A. niveus (ephemerella) EO (Exotic - GLANSIS)
          • Nymphula spp. W SHO
          • Paragyractis spp. WR HE
          • Parapoynx sp. X
          • Petrophila sp. X
      • Megaloptera
        • Sialidae (alderflies) XL H
          • Sialis sp. L H
        • Sisyridae (spongillaflies)
          • Climacia sp.
            • C. areolaris R
      • Odonata XW SO (click link for full list)
        • SO- Aniosoptera (dragonflies)
        • SO- Zygoptera (damselflies)
      • Plecoptera (stoneflies)
        • Capniidae XW SH
          • Paracapnia sp.
            • P. angulata W SH
          • Chloroperlidae
          • Alloperla spp. W H
          • Hastaperla sp.
            • H. brevis W SH
        • Leuctridae
          • Leuctra sp.
            • L. tenuis W SH
        • Nemouridae
          • Nemoura sp.
            • N. trispinosa W SH
        • Perlidae
          • Acroneuria sp.
            • A. lycorias W SH
          • Paragnetina sp.
            • P. media W H
        • Perlodidae
          • Arcynopteryx sp.
            • A. compacta W S
          • Isogenus sp.
            • I. frontalis W SO
          • Isoperla sp. R
            • I. bilineata W SH
      • Trichoptera (caddis flies) XWRLN SHCEO
          • Brachycentridae
            • Brachycentrus sp.
              • B. lateralis C
            • Micrasema spp. W R(29spp.) CE
            • Molanna sp.
              • M. ulmerina C
          • Glossosomatidae
            • Glossosoma spp. W S
            • Proptoptila sp.
              • P. maculata C
          • Helicopsychidae
            • Helicopsyche sp.
              • H. borealis XWR SHCEO
          • Hydropsychidae
            • Cheumatopsyche spp.
              • C. campyla W SHCEO
              • C. miniscula WH
              • C. speciosa C
            • Hydropsyche spp. W SHCEO
              • H. alternans C
              • H. guttata W HE
              • H. hageni C
              • H. incommoda C
              • H. morosa C
              • H. phalerata C
              • H. recurvata W SHEO
              • H. valanis C
            • Macrostemum sp.
              • M. zebratum C
            • Potamyia sp.
              • P. flava C
            • Symphitopsyche sp. R
          • Hydroptilidae XWR SHCEO
            • Agraylea spp. W SHCEO
              • A. multipunctata C
            • Hydroptila spp. XWR SHCEO
              • H. consimilis W SHCO
              • H. spatulata W CE
              • H. waubesiana C
            • Ithytrichia sp.
              • I. clavata W H
            • Neotrichia spp. W S
              • N. halia C
            • Ochrotrichia sp.
              • O. tarsalis C
            • Orthotrichia sp.
              • O. aegerfasciella C
              • O. cristata C
            • Oxyethira spp. X
              • O. pallida C
              • O. verna C
          • Lepidostomatidae
            • Lepidostoma spp. WR SHCEO
              • L. togatum W O
          • Leptoceridae XWRLN SHCEO
            • Ceraclea spp. XWR SHCEO
              • C. alagma W O
              • C. ancycla (ancyclus) WR SE
              • C. angusta W H
              • C. annulicornis WR SH
              • C. cancellata C
              • C. diluta W HCEO
              • C. erratica C
              • C. flava W HCO
              • C. mentiea C
              • C. neffi C
              • C. nepha W EO
              • C. resurgens R C
              • C. submacula R
              • C. tarsipunctata W HCEO
              • C. transversa C
            • Mystacides spp. WRN SHCEO
              • M. longicornis W HCEO
              • M. interjecta XW O
              • M. sepulchralis (sepulcharis) WR SHC
            • Nectopsyche spp. XWR HCE
              • N. diarina C
              • N. exquisita C
            • Oecetis spp. XWRN SHCEO
              • O. avara W SHCEO
              • O. cinerascens C
              • O. eddlestoni W HE
              • O. immobilis C
              • O. inconspicua W SHCEO
              • O. osteni C
            • Setodes spp. W HC
              • S. incertus C
              • S. oligius C
            • Triaenodes spp. XR C
              • T. flavescens C
              • T. injusta C
              • T. tardus C
            • Ylodes sp. X
          • Limnephilidae XW SCE
            • Anabolia sp. X
            • Apatania spp. W E
            • Arctopora sp. X
            • Dicosmoecus spp. W S
            • Glyphopsyche spp. W S
            • Goerinae X
            • Grammotaulius sp. X
            • Lenarchus sp. X
            • Limnephilus spp. XW SC
              • L. hyalinus C
              • L. indivisus C
              • L. infernalis C
              • L. sackeni C
              • L. submonilifer C
            • Nemotaulius sp. X
              • N. hostilus C
            • Psychoglypha sp.
              • P. subborealis W S
            • Pycnopsyche sp C
          • Molannidae
            • Molanna spp. XWN HCEO
              • M. flavicornis C
              • M. uniophila W O
          • Phryganeidae
            • Agrypnia sp. XR
              • A. vestita C
            • Banksiola sp. X
              • B. crotchi C
            • Fabria sp. X
            • Phryganea sp. X
              • P. cinerea C
            • Ptilostoma sp. X
          • Polycentropodidae XWR SHCE
            • Cernotina sp. X
            • Cyrnellus spp. XC
            • Neureclipsis spp. XWR SHCE
              • N. bimaculatus C
              • N. crepuscularis W CE
              • N. validus C
            • Nyctiophylax spp. WR SHCE
              • N. affinis W HC
              • N. vestitus W H
            • Phylocentropus sp. X
              • P. placidus C
            • Polycentropus spp. XWR SHCEO
              • P. centralis R
              • P. cinereus WR SHCE
              • P. interruptus WR HC
              • P. remotus WR HC
        • Psycomyiidae
          • Lype sp.
            • L. diversa C
          • Psychomyia sp. W SH
            • P. flavida C
        • Rhyacophilidae
          • Rhyacophila spp. W SH
            • R. atrata W S
  • Coelenterata (Cnidaria)

    • Hydrozoa
      • Hydroida
        • Clavidae
          • Cordylophora sp.
        • Hydridae XWRN123 SHEO
          • Hydra spp. XWRN123 SHEO
  • Ectoprocta (Bryozoa) XS

    • Gymnolaemata
      • Ctenostomata
        • Paludicellidae
          • Paludicella sp.
            • P. articulata S
          • Pottsiella sp.
            • P. erecta S
    • Phylactolaemata
      • Plumatellida
        • Cristatellidae
          • Cristella sp.
            • C. mucedo S
        • Lophopodidae
          • Lophopodella sp.
        • Pectinatellidae
          • Pectinatella sp.
            • P. magnifica X S
        • Plumatellidae
          • Plumatella sp. S
            • P. emarginata S
  • Entoprocta

          • Urnatella sp. X
  • Mollusca

    • Gastropoda (snails) XWRN12 SM(5spp.)HEO (Click for Full list)
      • Architaenioglossa
        • Viviparidae
      • Basommatophora
        • Ancylidae XR O
        • Lymnaeidae XWR SMHEO
        • Physidae XWRN1 SHEO
        • Planorbidae XWRN SHEO
      • Heterostropha
        • Valvatidae
      • Mesogastropoda (Neotaenioglossa)
        • Bithyniidae X
        • Hydrobiidae XWRN12 SHEO
        • Pleuroceridae XWRN HEO
      • Stylommatophora
        • Succineidae X
    • Pelecypoda (Bivalvia) (clams) XWRN12345 SMHEO (Click here for a full list)
      • Prionodesmaceae (Veneroida)
        • Corbiculidae
        • Dreisseniidae X12345 SMHEO
        • Sphaeriidae (Pisidiidae ) (fingernail clams) XWRN12345 SMHEO
      • Unionoida
        • Unionidae (freshwater mussels) XWR HCE
  • Nematoda (roundworms) XWN SMHEO

  • Nematomorpha (horsehair worms)

    • Gordioida
      • Gordea
        • Gordiidae XN M
          • Gordius sp.
            • G. robustus N M
  • Nemertea (ribbon worms) W12345 SHEO

    • Enopla
      • Hoplonemertea
        • Tetrastemmatidae
          • Prostoma sp.
            • P. rubrum W SHEO
  • Platyhelminthes (flatworms)

    • Turbellaria XWRN134 S(2 spp.)MHEO
      • Catenulida
        • Stenostomidae X
          • Stenostomum sp. X
      • Neorhabdocoela SE
        • Typhloplanidae
          • Mesostoma sp. S
      • Proseriata
        • Plagiostomidae
          • Hydrolimax
            • H. grisea (griseus) WN1 EO
      • Tricladida
        • Dugesiidae
          • Cura sp.
            • C. foremanii N O
        • Planariidae XWN SHEO
          • Dugesia spp
            • D. polychroa N EO (Exotic - GLANSIS)
            • D. tigrina WN SHEO
        • Dendrocoelidae
          • Procotyla sp.
            • P fluviatilis W HEO
        • ?
            • Microturbellaria spp. N M
      • ? Flukes/Cestodes
        • Dactylogyridae
            • Dactylogyrus amphibothrium (Exotic - GLANSIS)
            • Dactylogyrus hemiamphibothrium (Exotic - GLANSIS)
        • Diplostomatidae
            • Neascus brevicaudatus (Exotic - GLANSIS)
        • ?
  • Porifera (sponges)

    • Demospongiae
      • Haplosclerida
        • Spongillidae X SME
          • Eunapius sp.
            • E. fragilis ME
          • Ephydatia sp.
            • E. muelleri ME
          • Spongilla sp.
            • S. lacustris E
  • Protozoa - Rhizopoda

    • Lobosa
      • Arcellinida
        • Arcellidae
          • Arcella sp. W
          • Hyalosphenia sp. W
          • Schoenbornia sp. W
        • Centropyxidae
          • Centropyxis sp. W
        • Difflugiidae
          • Difflugia sp. W
    • Filosia
      • Aconchulinida
        • Cyphoderiidae
          • Cyphoderia sp. W
          • Psammonobiotus sp. W SHEO (Exotic - GLANSIS)
          • Corythionella sp.W HEO
        • Euglyphidae
          • Campascus sp. W
          • Paraeuglypha sp. W
          • Sphenoderia sp. W
          • Scutiglypha sp. W
          • Tracheleuglypha sp. W
          • Trinema sp. W
          • Euglypha spp. W
        • Paulinellidae
          • Paulinella W
  • Tardigrada (water bears) XN SM

* (Dominant) based on:

S (Lake Superior) based on:

M (Lake Michigan) based on combination of:

H (Lake Huron) based on:

C (St. Clair - Detroit River Corridor) based on:

E (Lake Erie) based on:

O (Lake Ontario) based on:

X (Great Lakes coastal wetlands) based on:

W (wave zone = 0-2m) based on:

R (rocky habitats) based on: globe icon indicates a link to a non-NOAA siteBenthic Community Structure and Composition among rocky habitats in the Great Lakes and Keuka Lake, NY. 1987. Michael H. Winnell and David J. Jude. JGLR 13(1)3-17. and Pothoven et al. In press.

L (littoral) based on: globe icon indicates a link to a non-NOAA siteRelationships among zoobenthos, sediments, and organic matter in littoral zones of western Lake Erie and Saginaw Bay. 1983. Richard A. Cole and Diana L. Weigmann. JGLR 9(4)568-581.

N (nearshore) based on:

1 = 14-30m based on:

2 = 31-50m based on:Disruption of the benthic community in Lake Ontario. 2003. S.J. Lozano and T.F. Nalepa. in State of Lake Ontario (SOLO) -- Past, Present and Future. M Munawar (ed). Ecovision World Monograph Series. Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management Society. and Pothoven et al. In press.

3 = 51-70m based on:Disruption of the benthic community in Lake Ontario. 2003. S.J. Lozano and T.F. Nalepa. in State of Lake Ontario (SOLO) -- Past, Present and Future. M Munawar (ed). Ecovision World Monograph Series. Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management Society.

4 = 71-90m based on:Disruption of the benthic community in Lake Ontario. 2003. S.J. Lozano and T.F. Nalepa. in State of Lake Ontario (SOLO) -- Past, Present and Future. M Munawar (ed). Ecovision World Monograph Series. Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management Society.

5 = >90m based on:Disruption of the benthic community in Lake Ontario. 2003. S.J. Lozano and T.F. Nalepa. in State of Lake Ontario (SOLO) -- Past, Present and Future. M Munawar (ed). Ecovision World Monograph Series. Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management Society.

U (eutrophic indicator) based on:

Z (mesotrophic indicator) based on:

G (oligotrophic indicator) based on:

P (saprophilic/saprobionts) based on:

 

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Images Courtesy of:

GLERL Waterlife Photo Gallery

  • Mysis relicta
  • Amphiopod
  • Gastropod
  • Pelecypod

globe gifAECOS

globe gifAndreas Just

globe gifBioDiTRL

  • globe gifInsecta - Hexagenia limbata
  • globe gifChironomid Larvae

globe gifConnecticut River Homepage - University of Massachussetts

  • globe gifBryozoa - Pectinatella magnifica

Iowa State - Invertebrate Biodiversity Gallery

globe gifIthaca College - Invertebrate Zoology

Kentucky Wesleyan College - Homepage of David Frederick Oetinger

  • globe gifIsopod - Lirceus lineatus

globe gifLa biologie en Normandie

globe gifMaryland Sea Grant

globe gifMicrographia

globe gifSun Animalcules and Amoebas by Wim van Egmond

Taxonomy of Ruediger Rudolf

globe gifThe Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA

USGS - Great Lakes Science Center

  • globe gifCopepods

globe gifUSGS - Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Site

globe gifUniversity of Michigan - Animal Diversity Web

globe gifUniversity of Michigan - Aquatic Insect Resources

globe gifUniversity Muenster Department of Evolutionary Biology

globe gifUniversity of Plattsburgh - Ciliate Image Database

  • globe gifCiliophora - Stentor sp.

globe gifUniversity of Wisconsin LaCrosse - ZooLab

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