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Fish

Mooneyes

  

Family: Hiodontidae - Mooneyes

There are two living species in the Mooneye family, occurring only in the fresh waters of eastern North America - the mooneye (found in the southern Great Lakes basin) and the goldeneye of the Mississippi River drainage. Globe icon indicates link to a non-NOAA site. University of Michigan, Museum of Zoology

Distribution and Habitat

N=Native, I=Introduced (exotic), X=Extinct, P=Extirpated

Image/Link Scientific Name Common Name Lake Superior Lake Michigan

Lake Huron

Lake Erie Lake Ontario Habitat
mooneye Hiodon tergisus mooneye   N N N N river/littoral

Table modified from "The Life of the Lakes: A Guide to the Great Lakes Fishery" MI Sea Grant Extension, Michigan State University.

Species Profile

Hiodon tergisus - mooneye

Globe icon indicates link to a non-NOAA site. Profile - Fishes of Minnesota
Bird icon indicates a link to a non-GLERL NOAA siteScientific Profile - Fishes of Wisconsin
Globe icon indicates link to a non-NOAA site. Scientific Profile - University of Michigan Museum of Zoology

Listed as a threatened species in Michigan. Distinguished from herrings by the lack of spiny scutes down the midline of the belly. Once entered the commercial catch in a small way. Young mooneyes eat copepods, waterfleas, and small insect larvae. Adult mooneyes mostly eat a variety of terrestrial (land) and aquatic (water) insects, especially mayflies and caddisflies. They also eat a variety of small fishes (mostly minnows). Length to 44cm. The record in Minnesota for this fish is 0.88 kg (1 lbs 15 oz).

Mooneye drawing

GLERL Waterlife Photo Gallery

mooneye photo

Globe icon indicates link to a non-NOAA site. University of Michigan Museum of Zoology

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