Steve Ruberg


All GLERL Publications:
Note: Although not all publications are available via our website, electronic copies may be available. Contact the publications office at
  • Biddanda, B.A., A.D. Weinke, I. Stone, S.T. Kendall, P. Hartmeyer, W.R. Lusardi, S. Gandulla, J. Bright, and S.A. RUBERG. Extant Earthly Microbial Mats and Microbialites as Models for Exploration of Life in Extraterrestrial Mat Worlds. Life: Special Issue: Microbial Life in the Solar System (DOI:0.3390/life11090883) (2021). (IN REVIEW)
  • ANDERSON, E.J., C.A. STOW, A.D. GRONEWOLD, D.M. MASON, M.J. McCORMICK, S.S. Qian, S.A. RUBERG, K.S. BEADLE, S.A. CONSTANT, and N. HAWLEY. Seasonal overturn and stratification changes drive deep-water warming in one of Earth’s largest lakes. Nature Communications 12(DOI:10.1038/s41467-021-21971-1) (2021).
  • Anderson, H.S., T.H. JOHENGEN, C.M. GODWIN, H. PURCELL, P.J. ALSIP, S.A. RUBERG, and L.A. MASON. Continuous In Situ Nutrient Analyzers Pinpoint the Onset and Rate of Internal P Loading under Anoxia in Lake Erie’s Central Basin. Environmental Science & Technology 1(4):774-781 (DOI: (2021).
  • ROWLAND, F., C.A. STOW, T.H. JOHENGEN, A.M. BURTNER, D.A. PALLADINO, D.C. GOSSIAUX, T.W. Davis, L.T. Johnson, and S.A. RUBERG. Recent patterns in Lake Erie phosphorus and chlorophyll a concentrations in response to changing loads. Environmental Science and Technology 54(2):835-841 (DOI:10.1021/acs.est.9b05326) (2020).
  • Anderson, C.R., E. Berdalet, R.M. Kudela, C.K. Cusack, J. Silke, E. O’Rourke, D. Dugan, M. McCammon, J.A. Newton, S.K. Moore, K. Paige, S.A. RUBERG, J.R. Morrison, B. Kirkpatrick, K. Hubbard, and J. Morell. Scaling Up From Regional Case Studies to a Global Harmful Algal Bloom Observing System. Frontiers in Marine Science 6(250)(DOI:10.3389/fmars.2019.00250) (2019).
  • Bosse, K.R., M.J. Sayers, R.A. Shuchman, G.L. Fahnenstiel, S.A. RUBERG, D.L. FANSLOW, D.G. STUART, T.H. JOHENGEN, and A.M. BURTNER. Spatial-temporal variability of in situ cyanobacteria vertical structure in Western Lake Erie: Implications for remote sensing observations. Journal of Great Lakes Research 45(3):480-489 (DOI:10.1016/j.jglr.2019.02.003) (2019).
  • Lekki, J., S.A. RUBERG, C. Binding, R. Anderson, and A. VANDER WOUDE. Airborne hyperspectral and satellite imaging of harmful algal blooms in the Great Lakes Region: Successes in sensing algal blooms. Journal of Great Lakes Research 45(3):405-412 (DOI:10.1016/j.jglr.2019.03.014) (2019).
  • Moore, T.S., J.H. Churnside, J.M. Sullivan, M.S. Twardowski, A.R. Nayak, M.N. McFarland, N.D. Stockley, R.W. Gould, T.H. JOHENGEN, and S.A. RUBERG. Vertical distributions of blooming cyanobacteria populations in a freshwater lake from LIDAR observations. Remote Sensing of Environment 225:347-367 (DOI:10.1016/j.rse.2019.02.025) (2019).
  • Moore, T.C., H. Feng, S.A. RUBERG, K.S. BEADLE, S.A. CONSTANT, R. MILLER, R.W. MUZZI, T.H. JOHENGEN, P.M. DiGiacomo, V.P. Lance, B.N. Holben, and M. Wang. SeaPRISM observations in the western basin of Lake Erie in the summer of 2016. Journal of Great Lakes Research 45(3):547-555 (DOI:10.1016/j.jglr.2018.10.008) (2019).
  • Sayers, M.J., A.G. Grimm, R.A. Shuchman, K.R. Bosse, G.L. Fahnenstiel, S.A. RUBERG, and G.A. LESHKEVICH. Satellite monitoring of harmful algal blooms in the Western Basin of Lake Erie: A 20-year time-series. Journal of Great Lakes Research 45(3):508-521 (DOI:10.1016/j.jglr.2019.01.005) (2019).
  • Sayers, M.J., K.R. Bosse, R.A. Schuchman, S.A. RUBERG, G.L. Fahnenstiel, G.A. LESHKEVICH, D.G. STUART, T.H. JOHENGEN, A.M. BURTNER, and D. PALLADINO. Spatial and temporal variability of inherent and apparent optical properties in western Lake Erie: Implications for water quality remote sensing. Journal of Great Lakes Research 45(3):490-507 (DOI:10.1016/j.jglr.2019.03.011) (2019).
  • VANDER WOUDE, A., S.A. RUBERG, T.H. JOHENGEN, R. MILLER, and D. STUART. Spatial and temporal scales of variability of cyanobacteria harmful algal blooms from NOAA GLERL airborne hyperspectral imagery. Journal of Great Lakes Research 45(3):536-546 (DOI:10.1016/j.jglr.2019.02.006) (2019).
  • Biddanda, B.A., e. al, including, M.E. OGDAHL, Q. LIU, T.H. JOHENGEN, E.J. ANDERSON, and S.A. RUBERG. Chronicles of hypoxia: Time-series buoy observations reveal annually recurring seasonal basin-wide hypoxia in Muskegon Lake – A Great Lakes estuary. Journal of Great Lakes Research 44(2):219-229 (DOI:10.1016/j.jglr.2017.12.008) (2018).
  • Moore, T.S., C.B. Mouw, J.M. Sullivan, M.S. Twardowski, A. BURTNER, A.B. Ciochetto, M.N. McFarland, A.R. Nayak, D. PALADINO, N. Stockley, T.H. JOHENGEN, A.W. Yu, S.A. RUBERG, and A. Weidemann. Bio-optical Properties of Cyanobacteria Blooms in Western Lake Erie. Frontiers in Marine Science (DOI:10.3389/fmars.2017.00300) (2017).
  • SMITH, J.P., R. MILLER, R.W. MUZZI, S.A. CONSTANT, K.S. BEADLE, D. PALLADINO, T.H. JOHENGEN, and S.A. RUBERG. An Implementation of a Database Management System for Real-Time Large-Lake Observations. Marine Technology Society Journal 51(6):5-9 (DOI:10.4031/MTSJ.51.6.2) (2017).
  • Lekki, J., G. LESHKEVICH, S.A. RUBERG, D. STUART, and A. VANDER WOUDE. et al. Airborne Hyperspectral Sensing of Harmful Algal Blooms in the Great Lakes Region: System Calibration and Validation, From Photons to Algae Information: The Processes In-Between. NASA -Technical Memorandum NASA/TM—2017-219071. NASA, (2017).
  • Marcus, D.N., A. Pinto, K. Anantharaman, S.A. RUBERG, E.L. Kramer, L. Raskin, and G.L. Dick. Diverse manganese(II)-oxidizing bacteria are prevalent in drinking water systems. Environmental Microbiology Reports 9(2)(DOI:10.1111/1758-2229.12508) (2017).
  • McArthur, S., K.E. Bailey, T. Murphy, J. Newton, C. Janzen, R. Morrison, S.A. RUBERG, U. Send, and H. Worthington. A National Strategy for a Sustained Network of Coastal Moorings. NOAA IOOS, (2017).
  • Sharrar, A.M., B.E. Flood, J.V. Bailey, D.S. Jones, B.A. Biddanda, S.A. RUBERG, D.N. Marcus, and G.J. Dick. Novel Large Sulfur Bacteria in the Metagenomes of Groundwater-Fed Chemosynthetic Microbial Mats in the Lake Huron Basin. Frontiers in Microbiology (DOI: (2017).
  • Wackler, T., et al., incl., L. NOVITSKI, D.H. LEE, T.W. DAVIS, E.J. ANDERSON, and S.A. RUBERG. Harmful algal blooms and hypoxia in the Great Lakes research plan and action strategy: An interagency report. National Science and Technology Council, (2017).
  • Baskaran, M., T. Novell, S.A. RUBERG, B.A. Biddanda, T.H. JOHENGEN, N. HAWLEY, and J.V. Klump. Seepage of subsurface sinkhole vent waters into Lake Huron using radium and stable isotopes of oxygen and hydrogen. Aquatic Geochemistry 22(4):349-374 (DOI:10.1007/s10498-015-9286-7) (2016).
  • VANDERPLOEG, H.A., S.A. POTHOVEN, D.M. Krueger, D.M. MASON, J.R. LIEBIG, J.F. CAVALETTO, S.A. RUBERG, G.A. LANG, and R. Ptacnikova. Spatial and predatory interactions of visually preying nonindigenous zooplankton and fish in Lake Michigan during midsummer. Journal of Great Lakes Research 41(Supplement 3):125-142 (DOI:10.1016/j.jglr.2015.10.005) (2015).
  • MILLER, R., N. HAWLEY, and S.A. RUBERG. Video Clip 4: Visual documentation of quagga mussels (Dreissena rostriformis bugensis) at two depths in southeastern Lake Michigan. In Quagga and Zebra Mussels: Biology, Impacts, and Control, Second Edition. T.F. Nalepa, and D.W. Schlosser (Eds.). CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 753 pp. (2013).
  • Nold, S.C., M.J. Bellecourt, S.T. Kendall, S.A. RUBERG, T.G. Sanders, J. Val Klump, and B.A. Biddanda. Underwater sinkhole sediments sequester Lake Huron's carbon. Biogeochemistry February 2013:16 pp. (DOI:10.1007/s10533-013-9830-8) (2013).
  • Dekker, T.J., J.V. DePinto, S.A. RUBERG, M.C. COLTON, J. Read, D.J. SCHWAB, and N. Booth. Design of the Great Lakes Observing System enterprise architecture. Proceedings, Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS) Summit 2012: A New Decade for an Integrated and Sustained Ocean Observing System, Herndon, VA, November 13-16, 2012. Interagency Ocean Observation Committee (IOOC), 9 pp. (2012).
  • BELETSKY, D., N. HAWLEY, Y.R. Rao, H.A. VANDERPLOEG, R. BELETSKY, D.J. SCHWAB, and S.A. RUBERG. Summer thermal structure and anticyclonic circulation of Lake Erie. Geophysical Research Letters 39:L06605 (DOI:10.1029/2012GL051002) (2012).
  • Biddanda, B.A., S.C. Nold, G.J. Dick, S.T. Kendall, J.H. Vail, S.A. RUBERG, and C.M. Green. Rock, water, microbes: Underwater sinkholes in Lake Huron are habitats for ancient microbial life. Nature Education Knowledge 3(3):5 (2012).
  • VANDERPLOEG, H.A., S.A. Ludsin, S.A. RUBERG, T.O. Höök, S.A. POTHOVEN, S.B. Brandt, G.A. LANG, J.R. LIEBIG, and J.F. CAVALETTO. Hypoxia affects spatial distributions and overlap of pelagic fish, zooplankton, and phytoplankton in Lake Erie. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 381:S92-S107 (2009).
  • Biddanda, B.A., S.C. Nold, S.A. RUBERG, S.T. Kendall, T.G. Sanders, and J.J. Gray. Great Lakes sinkholes: A microbiogeochemical frontier. EOS Transactions 90(8):61-62 (2009).
  • RUBERG, S.A., S.T. Kendall, B.A. Biddanda, T. Black, S.C. Nold, W.R. Lusardi, R. Green, T. Casserley, E. Smith, T.G. Sanders, G.A. LANG, and S.A. CONSTANT. Observations of the Middle Island sinkhole in Lake Huron: A unique hydrogeologic and glacial creation of 400 million years. Marine Technology Society Journal 42(4):12-21 (2009).
  • RUBERG, S.A., E. Guasp, N. HAWLEY, R.W. MUZZI, S.B. BRANDT, H.A. VANDERPLOEG, J.C. LANE, T.C. MILLER, and S.A. CONSTANT. Societal benefits of the real-time coastal observation network (ReCON): Implications for municipal drinking water quality. Marine Technology Society Journal 42(3):103-109 (2008).
  • RUBERG, S.A., R.W. MUZZI, S.B. BRANDT, J.C. LANE, T.C. MILLER, J.J. Gray, S.A. CONSTANT, and E.J. Downing. A wireless internet-based observatory: The Real-time Coastal Observation Network (ReCON). Proceedings, Marine Technology Society/IEEE Oceans 2007 Conference, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, September 30-October 5, 2007. 6 pp. (2007).
  • RUBERG, S.A., S.B. BRANDT, R.W. MUZZI, N. HAWLEY, T. Bridgeman, G.A. LESHKEVICH, J.C. LANE, and T.C. MILLER. A wireless real-time coastal observation network. EOS Transactions 88(28):285-286 (2007).
  • VANDERPLOEG, H.A., T.H. JOHENGEN, P.J. Lavrentyev, C. Chen, G.A. LANG, M.A. Agy, M.H. Bundy, J.F. CAVALETTO, B.J. EADIE, J.R. LIEBIG, G.S. MILLER, S.A. RUBERG, and M.J. McCORMICK. Anatomy of the recurrent coastal sediment plume in Lake Michigan and its impacts on light climate, nutrients, and plankton. Journal of Geophysical Research 112(C03S90, doi:10.1029/2004JC002379):23 pp. (2007).
  • Biddanda, B. A., D. F. Coleman, T. H. JOHENGEN, S. A. RUBERG, G. A. Meadows, H. W. VanSumeren, R. R. Rediske, and S. T. Kendall. Exploration of a submerged sinkhole ecosystem in Lake Michigan. Ecosystems 9:828-842 (2006).
  • HAWLEY, N., T. H. JOHENGEN, Y. R. Rao, S. A. RUBERG, D. BELETSKY, S. A. LUDSIN, B. J. EADIE, D. J. SCHWAB, T. E. CROLEY II, and S. B. BRANDT. Lake Erie hypoxia prompts Canada-U.S. study. EOS Transactions 86(32):313-319 (2006).
  • LIEBIG, J. R., H. A. VANDERPLOEG, and S. A. RUBERG. Factors affecting the performance of the optical plankton counter in large lakes: insights from Lake Michigan and laboratory studies. Journal of Geophysical Research 111(C05S02):10 pp. (2006).
  • NALEPA, T. F., D. L. FANSLOW, G. A. LANG and S. A. RUBERG. Recent trends in benthic macroinvertebrate populations in Lake Michigan. In State of Lake Michigan (SOLM) - Ecology, Health, and Management. T. Edsall and M. Munawar (eds.). Ecovision World Monograph Series, Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management Society, 269-292 (2005).
  • RUBERG, S.A., D.F. Coleman, T.H. JOHENGEN, G.A. Meadows, H.W. VanSumeren, G. A. LANG, and B. A. Biddanda. Groundwater plume mapping in a submerged sinkhole in Lake Huron. Marine Technology Society Journal 39(2):65-69 (2005).
  • RUBERG, S. A., H. A. VANDERPLOEG, J. F. CAVALETTO, G. A. LANG, J. R. LIEBIG, T. C. MILLER, and M. AGY. Plankton survey system. Proceedings of the Oceans 2001 MTS/IEEE Conference, Honolulu, HI, November 5-8, 2001. Marine Technology Society, Washington, DC, pp. 1899-1903 (2001).
  • RUBERG, S. A., and B. J. EADIE. Remotely deployable water sampler. Proceedings, Oceans 2000 Marine Technology Society/IEEE Conference, Providence, RI, September 12, 2000. Marine Technology Society, Washington, DC, pp. 113-117 (2000).

back  top

Last updated: 2022-02-08 gl