Philip Chu


All GLERL Publications:
Note: Although not all publications are available via our website, electronic copies may be available. Contact the publications office at
  • WANG, J., T.-Y. Yang, J. KESSLER, H. HU, and P. CHU. Great Lakes ice duration, winter severity index, cumulative freezing degree days, and atmospheric teleconnection patterns, 1973 – 2018. NOAA Technical Memorandum GLERL-174. NOAA, Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 67 pp. (DOI:10.25923/88c9-hm22) (2020).
  • Ye, X., P. CHU, E.J. ANDERSON, C. Huang, G.A. LANG, and P. Xue. Improved thermal structure simulation and optimized sampling strategy for Lake Erie using a data assimilative model. Journal of Great Lakes Research 46(1):144-158 (DOI:10.1016/j.jglr.2019.10.018) (2020).
  • Lee, C.-M., C.-Y. Kuo, J. Sun, T.-P. Tseng, K.-H. Chen, W.-H. Lan, C.K. Shum, T. Ali, P. CHU, and Y. Jia. Evaluation and improvement of coastal GNSS reflectometry sea level variations from existing GNSS stations in Taiwan. Advances in Space Research 63(3):1280-1288 (DOI:10.1016/j.asr.2018.10.039) (2019).
  • ANDERSON, E.J., A.F. MANOME, J. KESSLER, G.A. LANG, P.Y. CHU, J.G.W. Kelley, Y. Chen, and J. WANG. Ice Forecasting in the Next-Generation Great Lakes Operational Forecast System (GLOFS). Journal of Marine Science and Engineering 6(4):123 (DOI:10.3390/jmse6040123) (2018).
  • Ye, X., E.J. ANDERSON, P. CHU, C. Huang, and P. Xue. Impact of Water Mixing and Ice Formation on the Warming of Lake Superior: A Model‐guided Mechanism Study. Limnology and Oceanography 64(2):558-574 (DOI:10.1002/lno.11059) (2018).
  • ZHANG, H., J. WANG, T.-y. Yang, B.M. LOFGREN, and P. CHU. Statistical relationships between biological parameters and environmental forcings in Lake Erie, 1970s–2010s. NOAA Technical Memorandum GLERL-173. NOAA, Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, Ann Arbor, Mich, 69 pp. (DOI:10.25923/6jgm-1x64) (2018).
  • Kolker, A.S., A.M. Dausman, M.A. Allison, G.L. Brown, P. CHU, K. de Mutsert, C.E. Fitzpatrick, J.R. Henkel, D. Justic, B.A. Kleiss, E. McCoy, E. Meselhe, and C.P. Richards. Rethinking the RIver. EOS, Earth & Space News (DOI:10.1029/2018EO101169) (2018).
  • Linares, A., C.H. Wu, E.J. ANDERSON, and P.Y. CHU. Role of Meteorologically Induced Water Level Oscillations on Bottom Shear Stress in Freshwater Estuaries in the Great Lakes. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 123(7):4970-4987 (DOI:10.1029/2017JC013741) (2018).
  • Meadows, G., et al., incl., P. CHU, and E.J. ANDERSON. Independent Risk Analysis for the Straits Pipelines (Draft for Public Comment). (2018).
  • Niu, Q., M. Xia, S.A. Ludsin, P.Y. CHU, D.M. MASON, and E.S. RUTHERFORD. High‐turbidity events in Western Lake Erie during ice‐free cycles: Contributions of river‐loaded vs. resuspended sediments. Limnology and Oceanography (DOI:10.1002/lno.10959) (2018). (IN PRESS)
  • Pullen, J., R. Allard, H. Seo, A.J. Miller, S. Chen, P. Pezzi, T. Smith, P. CHU, J. Alves, and R. Caldeira. Coupled ocean-atmosphere forecasting at short and medium time scales In The Science of Ocean Prediction, The Sea. P. Lermusiaux and K. Brink N. Pinardi. (2018).
  • WANG, J., J. KESSLER, X. BAI, A.H. CLITES, B.M. LOFGREN, A. Assuncao, J.F. Bratton, P. CHU, and G.A. LESHKEVICH. Decadal variability of Great Lakes ice cover in response to AMO and PDO, 1963-2017. Journal of Climate 31(18):7249-7268 (DOI:10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0283.1) (2018).
  • WANG, J., J. Kessler, F. Hang, H. HU, A.H. CLITES, and P. CHU. Analysis of Great Lakes Ice Cover Climatology: Winters 2012-2017. NOAA Technical Memorandum GLERL-171. NOAA, Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, Ann Arbor, MI, 25 pp. (2017).
  • WANG, J., J. Kessler, F. Hang, H. HU, A.H. CLITES, and P. CHU. Great Lakes Ice Climatology Update of Winters 2012-2017: Seasonal Cycle, Interannual Variability, Decadal Variability, and Trend for the period 1973-2017. NOAA Technical Memorandum GLERL-170. NOAA, Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, Ann Arbor, MI (2017).
  • Xue, P., J.S. Pal, X. Ye, J.D. Lenters, C. Huang, and P.Y. CHU. Improving the Simulation of Large Lakes in Regional Climate Modeling: Two-way Lake-atmosphere Coupling with a 3-D Hydrodynamic Model of the Great Lakes. Journal of Climate 30:1605-1627 (DOI:10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0225.1) (2017).
  • XIAO, C., B.M. LOFGREN, J. WANG, and P.Y. CHU. Improving the lake scheme within a coupled WRF-lake model in the Laurentian Great Lakes. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems (DOI:10.1002/2016MS000717) (2016).

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Last updated: 2020-03-09 gl