George Leshkevich

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All GLERL Publications:
Note: Although not all publications are available via our website, electronic copies may be available. Contact the publications office at pubs.glerl@noaa.gov.
  • Lekki, J., G. LESHKEVICH, S.A. RUBERG, D. STUART, and A. VANDER WOUDE. et al. Airborne Hyperspectral Sensing of Harmful Algal Blooms in the Great Lakes Region: System Calibration and Validation, From Photons to Algae Information: The Processes In-Between. NASA -Technical Memorandum NASA/TM—2017-219071. NASA, (2017). https://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/20170002298.pdf
  • O’Reilly, C.M., and G.A. LESHKEVICH (among 56 others). Rapid and highly variable warming of lake surface waters around the globe. Geophysical Research Letters 42(DOI:10.1002/2015GL066235) (2015). https://www.glerl.noaa.gov/pubs/fulltext/2015/20150053.pdf
  • BAI, X., J. WANG, J. Austin, D.J. SCHWAB, R.A. ASSEL, A.H. CLITES, J.F. BRATTON, M.C. COLTON, J. Lenters, B.M. LOFGREN, T. Wohlleben, S. Helfrich, H.A. VANDERPLOEG, L. LUO, and G.A. LESHKEVICH. A record-breaking low ice cover over the Great Lakes during winter 2011/2012: Combined effects of a strong positive NAO and La Nina. Climate Dynamics 44(5-6):1187-1213 (DOI:10.1007/s00382-014-2225-2) (2015).
  • Sharma, S., (among 72 others), and G.A. LESHKEVICH. A global database of lake surface temperatures collected by in situ and satellite methods from 1985-2009. Nature Scientific Data:19 pp. (DOI:10.1038/sdata/2015.8) (2015). https://www.glerl.noaa.gov/pubs/fulltext/2015/20150016.pdf
  • BAI, X., J. WANG, J. Austin, D.J. SCHWAB, R.A. ASSEL, A.H. CLITES, J.F. BRATTON, M.C. COLTON, J. Lenters, B.M. LOFGREN, T. Wohlleben, S. Helfrich, H.A. VANDERPLOEG, L. LUO, and G.A. LESHKEVICH. A record-breaking low ice cover over the Great Lakes during winter 2011/2012: Combined effects of a strong positive NAO and La Nina. Climate Dynamics:27 pp. (DOI:10.1007/s00382-014-2225-2) (2014).
  • CLITES, A.H., J. WANG, K.B. CAMPBELL, A.D. GRONEWOLD, R.A. ASSEL, X. BAI, and G.A. LESHKEVICH. Cold water and high ice cover on Great Lakes in spring 2014. EOS 95(34):305-306 (DOI:10.1002/2014EO340001) (2014). https://www.glerl.noaa.gov/pubs/fulltext/2014/20140042.pdf
  • BAI, X., J. WANG, D.J. SCHWAB, Y. Yang, L. LUO, G.A. LESHKEVICH, and S. LIU. Modeling 1993-2008 climatology of seasonal general circulation and thermal structure in the Great Lakes using FVCOM. Ocean Modeling 65:40-63 (DOI:10.1016/j.ocemod.2013.02.003) (2013).
  • FUJISAKI, A., J. WANG, X. BAI, G. LESHKEVICH, and B. LOFGREN. Model-simulated interannual variability of Lake Erie ice cover, circulation, and thermal structure in response to atmospheric forcing 2003-2013. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 118:19 pp. (2013).
  • LESHKEVICH, G.A., and S.V. Nghiem. Great Lakes ice classification using satellite C-band SAR multi-polarization data. Journal of Great Lakes Research 39(Supplement 1):55-64 (DOI:10.1016/j.jglr.2013.05.003) (2013).
  • LESHKEVICH, G.A., and S.V. Nghiem. Great Lakes ice cover mapping with RADARSAT-2 SAR data. Science and Operational Applications Research (SOAR) RADARSAT-2 Data Use and Benefits Report. Canadian Space Agency, Saint-Hubert, Quebec, Canada, 3 pp. (2013). https://www.glerl.noaa.gov/pubs/fulltext/2013/20130020.pdf
  • Shuchman, R.A., and G.A. LESHKEVICH. Foreword for Special Issue of JGLR on Remote Sensing. Journal of Great Lakes Research 39(Supplement 1):1 (DOI:10.1016/j.jglr.2013.07.001) (2013).
  • Shuchman, R.A., G.A. LESHKEVICH, M.J. Sayers, T.H. JOHENGEN, C.N. Brooks, and D. Pozdnyakov. An algorithm to retrieve chlorophyll, dissolved organic carbon, and suspended minerals from Great Lakes satellite data. Journal of Great Lakes Research 39(Supplement 1):14-33 (DOI:10.1016/j.jglr.2013.06.017) (2013).
  • Shuchman, R.A., M.J. Sayers, G.L. FAHNENSTIEL, and G.A. LESHKEVICH. A model for determining satellite-derived primary productivity estimates for Lake Michigan. Journal of Great Lakes Research 39(Supplement 1):46-54 (DOI:10.1016/j.jglr.2013.05.001) (2013).
  • LESHKEVICH, G.A., R.A. Shuchman, and M.J. Sayers. An operational algorithm to retrieve chlorophyll, DOC, and suspended minerals from satellite data of the Great Lakes. Proceedings, European Space Agency (ESA) 3rd MERIS/Sentinel-3 Symposium, Franscati, Italy, October 15-19, 2012. ESA-ESRIN, 4 pp. (2012). https://www.glerl.noaa.gov/pubs/fulltext/2012/20120036.pdf
  • LUO, L., J. WANG, D.J. SCHWAB, H.A. VANDERPLOEG, G.A. LESHKEVICH, X. BAI, H. HU, and D. Wang. Simulating the 1998 spring bloom in Lake Michigan using a coupled physical-biological model. Journal of Geophysical Research 117(C10011):14 pp. (DOI:10.1029/2012JC008216) (2012).
  • Johnston, G., A. Mailett, and G.A. LESHKEVICH. Helicopter GPR. GPR Technology 8(30):2 (2012). https://www.glerl.noaa.gov/pubs/fulltext/2012/20120032.pdf
  • O'Donnell, D.M., S.W. Effler, C.M. Strait, and G.A. LESHKEVICH. Optical characterizations and pursuit of optical closure for the western basin of Lake Erie through in situ measurements. Journal of Great Lakes Research 36:736-746 (DOI:10.116/j.jglr.2010.08.009) (2010).
  • WANG, J., X. BAI, G.A. LESHKEVICH, M.C. COLTON, A.H. CLITES, and B.M. LOFGREN. Severe ice cover on Great Lakes during winter 2008-2009. EOS Transactions 91(5):41-42 (2010). https://www.glerl.noaa.gov/pubs/fulltext/2010/20100005.pdf
  • WANG, J., H. HU, D.J. SCHWAB, G.A. LESHKEVICH, D. BELETSKY, N. HAWLEY, and A.H. CLITES. Development of the Great Lakes ice circulation model (GLIM): Application to Lake Erie in 2003-2004. Journal of Great Lakes Research 36:425-436 (2010). https://www.glerl.noaa.gov/pubs/fulltext/2010/20100032.pdf
  • Lekki, J., R. Anderson, Q.V. Nguyen, J. Demers, G.A. LESHKEVICH, J. Flatico, and J. Kojima. Development of hyperspectral remote sensing capability for the early detection and monitoring of Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) in the Great Lakes. AIAA Infotech Aerospace Conference, Seattle, WA, April 6-9, 2009. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 14 pp. (2009). https://www.glerl.noaa.gov/pubs/fulltext/2009/20090020.pdf
  • LESHKEVICH, G.A., and S.V. Nghiem. Using satellite radar data to map and monitor variations in Great Lakes ice cover. 2009 IEEE Radar Conference, Pasadena, CA, May 4-8, 2009. IEEE, 3 pp. (2009). https://www.glerl.noaa.gov/pubs/fulltext/2009/20090021.pdf
  • LESHKEVICH, G. A., and S. V. Nghiem. Satellite SAR remote sensing of Great Lakes ice cover. Part 2: Ice classification and mapping. Journal of Great Lakes Research 33:736-750 (2007). https://www.glerl.noaa.gov/pubs/fulltext/2007/20070042.pdf
  • Nghiem, S.V., and G.A. LESHKEVICH. Satellite SAR remote sensing of Great Lakes ice cover, Part 1. Ice backscatter signatures at C Band. Journal of Great Lakes Research 33:722-735 (2007). https://www.glerl.noaa.gov/pubs/fulltext/2007/20070043.pdf
  • RUBERG, S.A., S.B. BRANDT, R.W. MUZZI, N. HAWLEY, T. Bridgeman, G.A. LESHKEVICH, J.C. LANE, and T.C. MILLER. A wireless real-time coastal observation network. EOS Transactions 88(28):285-286 (2007). https://www.glerl.noaa.gov/pubs/fulltext/2007/20070022.pdf
  • LESHKEVICH, G.A., and S.V. Nghiem. Algorithm development for operational satellite SAR classification and mapping of Great Lakes ice cover. Proceedings, OceanSAR 2006 - Third Workshop on Coastal and Marine Applications of SAR, St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada, October 25, 2006. 3 pp. (2006). https://www.glerl.noaa.gov/pubs/fulltext/2006/20060051.pdf
  • Plattner, S., D. M. MASON, G. A. LESHKEVICH, D. J. SCHWAB, and E. S. Rutherford. Classifying and forecasting coastal upwellings in Lake Michigan using satellite derived temperature images and buoy data. Journal of Great Lakes Research 32:63-76 (2006). https://www.glerl.noaa.gov/pubs/fulltext/2006/20060008.pdf
  • LESHKEVICH, G. A., and S. V. Nghiem. Recent anomalies in Great Lakes ice cover based on statistical analysis and observation. 2004 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Anchorage, AK, September 20-24, 2004. IEEE, 1 pp. (2004). https://www.glerl.noaa.gov/pubs/fulltext/2004/20040022.pdf
  • Nghiem, S. V., G. A. LESHKEVICH, and B. W. Stiles. Wind fields over the Great Lakes measured by the SeaWinds scatterometer on the QuikSCAT satellite. Journal of Great Lakes Research 30(1):148-165 (2004). https://www.glerl.noaa.gov/pubs/fulltext/2004/20040045.pdf
  • LESHKEVICH, G. A. and S. LIU. Environmental monitoring of the Great Lakes using CoastWatch data and JAVA GIS. Backscatter Magazine Spring 2003:13-16 (2003). https://www.glerl.noaa.gov/pubs/fulltext/2003/20030029.pdf
  • Nghiem, S. V. and G. A. LESHKEVICH. Great Lakes ice mapping with satellite scatterometer data. Final Technical Report, JPL Task Plan 70-6362, JPL Task Order 15407. NASA, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, 26 pp. (2003).
  • Nghiem, S. V. and G. A. LESHKEVICH. Great Lakes Winter Experiment 2002 (GLAWEX 2002). Synthetic aperture radar applications to ice-covered lakes and rivers. JPL D-26226. NASA, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, 10 pp. (2003). https://www.glerl.noaa.gov/pubs/fulltext/2003/20030005.pdf
  • LESHKEVICH, G. A., and S. LIU. Environmental monitoring of Lake Michigan using CoastWatch data and JAVA GIS. Proceedings, Lake Michigan State of the Lake 2001, Muskegon, MI, November 6-7, 2001. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Grand Valley State University, Muskegon, MI, 34 pp. (2002).
    https://www.glerl.noaa.gov/pubs/fulltext/2002/20020016.pdf
  • EADIE, B. J., D. J. SCHWAB, T. H. JOHENGEN, P. J. LAVRENTYEV, G. S. MILLER, R. E. Holland, G. A. LESHKEVICH, M. B. LANSING, N. R. MOREHEAD, J. A. ROBBINS, N. HAWLEY, D. N. Edgington, and P. L. VAN HOOF. Particle transport, nutrient cycling, and algal community structure associated with a major winter-spring sediment resuspension event in southern Lake Michigan. Journal of Great Lakes Research 28(3):324-337 (2002). https://www.glerl.noaa.gov/pubs/fulltext/2002/20020017.pdf
  • LESHKEVICH, G. A., and S. V. Nghiem. Radar remote sensing of Great Lakes ice cover. Proceedings, 2002 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium and the 24th Canadian Symposium on Remote Sensing, Toronto, Canada, June 24-28, 2002. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., Piscataway, NJ, 1 pp. (2002).
    https://www.glerl.noaa.gov/pubs/fulltext/2002/20020009.pdf
  • LESHKEVICH, G. A., and S. V. Nghiem. The 2002 Great Lakes Winter Experiment (GLAWEX 2002) three-dimensional mapping of the Great Lakes ice cover. NASA AirSAR Workshop, Pasadena, CA, March 4-6, 2002. NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, 10 pp. (2002).
  • Lesht, B. M., J. R. Stroud, M. J. McCORMICK, G. L. FAHNENSTIEL, M. L. Stein, L. J. Welty, and G. A. LESHKEVICH. An event-driven phytoplankton bloom in southern Lake Michigan observed by satellite. Geophysical Research Letters 29(8):18-1 to 18-4 (2002). https://www.glerl.noaa.gov/pubs/fulltext/2002/20020026.pdf
  • Pichel, W. G., P. Clemente-Colon, K. Friedman, A. C. Lunsford, G. A. LESHKEVICH, G. Hufford, C. Neigh, W. Y. Tseng, R. N. Stone, and X. Li. CoastWatch applications of synthetic aperture radar imagery. Journal of Advances in Marine Science and Technology Society 4(2):147-154 (2000).
  • LESHKEVICH, G. A., and S. Liu. Internet access to Great Lakes CoastWatch remote sensing information. Proceedings, IEEE 2000 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Honolulu, HI, July 24-28, 2000. IEEE (2000).
  • LESHKEVICH, G. A., S. V. Nghiem, and R. Kwok. Monitoring Great Lakes ice cover with satellite synthetic aperture radar (SAR). Proceedings, IEEE 2000 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Honolulu, HI, July 24-28, 2000. IEEE (2000).
  • LESHKEVICH, G. A., D. J. SCHWAB, G. C. MUHR, and S. LIU. World Wide Web access to Great Lakes CoastWatch environmental data. Proceedings, AWRA Symposium on Water Resources and the World Wide Web, Seattle, WA, December 5-9, 1999. American Water Resources Association, 10 pp. (2000).
  • SCHWAB, D. J., G. A. LESHKEVICH, and G. C. MUHR. Automated Mapping of Surface Water Temperature in the Great Lakes. Journal of Great Lakes Research 25(3):468-481 (1999). https://www.glerl.noaa.gov/pubs/fulltext/1999/19990006.pdf
  • LESHKEVICH, G. A., S. V. Nghiem, and R. Kwok. Great Lakes ice cover classification and mapping using satellite synthetic aperture radar (SAR) data. Proceedings, Fifth International Conference on Remote Sensing for Marine and Coastal Environments, San Diego, CA, October 5-7, 1999. ERIM, II-402 to II-405 (1999).
  • NGHIEM, S. V., G. A. LESHKEVICH, and R. Kwok. Shipborne scatterometer measurements of Great Lakes ice. Proceedings, Fifth International Conference on Remote Sensing for Marine and Coastal Environments, San Diego, CA, October 5-7, 1998. II-406 to II-409 (1999).
  • LESHKEVICH, G. A. and others. Remote Sensing at NOAA's National Ocean Service: A Report from the National Ocean Service Remote Sensing Cross-Cut Team. National Ocean Service, Silver Spring, MD, 126 pp. (1998).
  • LESHKEVICH, G. A., S. V. Nghiem, and R. Kwok. Algorithm Development for Satellite Synthetic Radar (SAR) Classification and Mapping of Great Lakes Ice Cover. Proceedings, IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS '98)e, Seattle, WA, 3 (1998).
  • Nghiem, S. V., G. A. LESHKEVICH, and R. Kwok. C-Band Plarimentric Backscatter Observations of Great Lakes Ice. Proceedings, IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS '98), Seattle, WA, 3 pp. (1998).
  • Shen, H., Nghiem, S., LESHKEVICH, G. A., and Manore, M. A Summary of Current Remote Sensing and Modeling Capabilities of the Great Lakes Ice Conditions. 98-11, Great Lakes Program, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, 10 pp. (1998).
  • LESHKEVICH, G.A., S.V. Nghiem, and R. Kwok. Satellite SAR remote sensing of Great Lakes ice cover using RADARSAT data. Proceedings, Fourth International Conference on Remote Sensing for Marine and Coastal Environments, Orlando, FL, March 17-19, 1997. Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, I-126-I-134 (1997).
  • LESHKEVICH, G.A., D.J. SCHWAB, and G.C. MUHR. Satellite environmental monitoring of the Great Lakes: Great Lakes CoastWatch Program update. Marine Technology Society Journal 30(4):28-35 (1997).
  • Tseng, W.Y., W.G. Pichel, A.K. Liu, P. Clement-Colon, G.A. LESHKEVICH, S.V. Nghiem, R. Kwok, and R.R. Stone. Near Real-Time RADARSAT Data System for NOAA CoastWatch Applications. Proceedings, International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), Singapore, August 3-8, 1997. IEEE, (1997).
  • EADIE, B.J., D.J. SCHWAB, G.A. LESHKEVICH, T.H. JOHENGEN, R.A. ASSEL, N. HAWLEY, R.E. Holland, M.B. LANSING, P.J. LAVRENTYEV, G.S. MILLER, N.R. MOREHEAD, J.A. ROBBINS, and P. VANHOOF. Development of recurrent coastal plume in Lake Michigan observed for first time. EOS Transactions 77(35):337-338 (1996). https://www.glerl.noaa.gov/pubs/fulltext/1996/19960010.pdf
  • LESHKEVICH, G.A. Satellite mapping of Great Lakes ice cover. Proceedings, First Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Snow and Ice Workshop, D.K. Hall (ed.), Greenbelt, MD, September 13-14, 1995. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, 87-91 (1995).
  • LESHKEVICH, G.A., W. Pichel, P. Clemente-Colon, R. Carey, and G. Hufford. Analysis of coastal ice cover using ERS-1 SAR data. International Journal of Remote Sensing 16(17):3459-3479 (1995).
  • LESHKEVICH, G.A., D.J. SCHWAB, and G.C. MUHR. Satellite environmental monitoring of the Great Lakes: Great Lakes CoastWatch Program Update. Third Thematic Conference on Remote Sensing for Marine and Coastal Environments, Seattle, WA, September 18-20, 1995. I-116 to I-128 (1995).
  • LESHKEVICH, G.A., W. Pichel, and P. Clemente-Colon. Great Lakes SAR ice research application demonstration. Second ERS-1 Symposium: Space at the Service of our Environment, Hamburg, Germany, October 11-14, 1993. European Space Agency (ESA SP-361), 675-679 (1994).
  • Pichel, W., P. Clemente-Colon, G. Hufford, G.A. LESHKEVICH, G. Wohl, F. Kniskern, J. Sapper, and R. Carey. CoastWatch SAR applications demonstration: development phase. Proceedings, Second ERS-1 Symposium, Space at the Service of our Environment, B. Kaldeich, Hamburg, Germany, October 11-14, 1993. European Space Agency, Paris, France, 669-674 (1994).
  • LESHKEVICH, G.A., D.J. SCHWAB, and G.C. MUHR. NOAA's CoastWatch: Satellite Environmental Monitoring of the Great Lakes. Proceedings, First Thematic Conference on Remote Sensing for Marine and Coastal Environments, New Orleans, LA, June 15-17, 1992. American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 575-588 (1993).
  • LESHKEVICH, G.A., D.J. SCHWAB, and G.C. MUHR. Satellite environmental monitoring of the Great Lakes: A review of NOAA's Great Lakes CoastWatch program. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 59(3):371-379 (1993).
  • SCHWAB, D.J., G.A. LESHKEVICH, and G.C. MUHR. Satellite measurements of surface water temperature in the Great Lakes: Great Lakes CoastWatch. Journal of Great Lakes Research 18(2):247-258 (1992). https://www.glerl.noaa.gov/pubs/fulltext/1992/19920009.pdf
  • LESHKEVICH, G.A., D.W. Deering, T.F. Eck, and S.P. Ahmad. Diurnal patterns of the bi-directional reflectance of fresh-water ice. Annals of Glaciology 14:153-157 (1990).
  • LESHKEVICH, G.A. Goniometric measurements of a spray-painted barium sulfate reference panel. Remote Sensing of Environment 24:287-296 (1988).
  • LESHKEVICH, G.A. Non-Lambertian reference panel effect on spectral reflectance measurements of freshwater ice. International Journal of Remote Sensing 9(4):825-832 (1988).
  • LESHKEVICH, G.A. A field calibration technique for airborne ice reflectance measurment. Proceedings, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Fifth Remote Sensing Symposium, Volume I, Remote Sensing Applications for Water Resources Management, Ann Arbor, MI, October 28-30, 1985. 70-77 (1986).
  • LESHKEVICH, G.A. Airborne measurements of the spectral reflectance of freshwater ice. Proceedings, 3rd International Colloquim on Spectral Signature of Objects in Remote Sensing, Les Arcs, France, December 16-20, 1985. 245-248 (1986).
  • LESHKEVICH, G.A. Machine classification of freshwater ice types from Landsat-1 digital data using ice albedos as training sets. Remote Sensing of Environment 17:251-263 (1985).
  • LESHKEVICH, G.A., and N.J. Reid. Airborne measurements of freshwater ice albedos. Proceedings, Eighteenth International Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 3, Paris, France, October 1-5, 1984. 1677-1687 (1984).
  • ASSEL, R.A., F.H. QUINN, G.A. LESHKEVICH, and S.J. BOLSENGA. NOAA Great Lakes Ice Atlas. Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, Ann Arbor, MI, 115 pp. (1983).
  • LESHKEVICH, G.A. Categorization of northern Green Bay ice cover using LANDSAT-1 digital dataA case study. NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL GLERL-33, Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, Ann Arbor, MI (PB81-200438) 19 pp. (1981).
  • LESHKEVICH, G.A. Lake Superior ice cycle1979 (16-mm film, 12 min.). Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, Ann Arbor, MI, (1981).
  • QUINN, F.H., R.A. ASSEL, D.E. Boyce, G.A. LESHKEVICH, C.R. Snider, and D. Weisnet. Summary of Great Lakes weather and ice conditions, winter 1976-77. NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL GLERL-20, Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, Ann Arbor, MI (PB-292-613/7GA) 141 pp. (1978).
  • LESHKEVICH, G.A. Great Lakes ice cover, winter 1975-76. NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL GLERL-12, Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, Ann Arbor, MI (PB-271-255/2) 35 pp. (1977).
  • LESHKEVICH, G.A. Great Lakes ice cover, winter 1974-75. NOAA Technical Report ERL 370-GLERL 11, Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, Ann Arbor, MI (PB-261-833/8GI) 39 pp. (1976).
  • LESHKEVICH, G.A. Lake Superior bathythermograph data. NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL GLERL-3, Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, Ann Arbor, MI (PB-248-826/0GI) 71 pp. (1975).

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Last updated: 2017-11-13 gl